Return to Fast Fact Library

People living in neighborhoods with the most vegetation cover saved an estimated $374 annually in healthcare costs and had fewer ER visits and hospitalizations as compared to people in neighborhoods with the least vegetation cover, even when adjusting for individual neighborhood characteristics, based on a study of over 5 million people in Northern California.

Van Den Eeden, Stephen K., Matthew H.E.M. Browning, Douglas A. Becker, Jun Shan, Stacey E. Alexeeff, G. Thomas Ray, Charles P. Quesenberry, and Ming Kuo. “Association Between Residential Green Cover and Direct Healthcare Costs in Northern California: An Individual Level Analysis of 5 Million Persons.” Environment International 163 (2022).


Health & well-being, Other economic, Trees, Health care

The LPS Fast Fact Library is a collection of short summaries of landscape benefits derived from published research. The Landscape Architecture Foundation (LAF) compiles and writes the Fast Facts. LAF has no involvement in the data collection, analysis, review, publication, or funding of the research. If you have questions or comments on the Fast Fact Library itself, contact us at email hidden; JavaScript is required.

Help build the LPS: Find out how to submit a case study and other ways to contribute.