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The Value of Green Infrastructure: A Guide to Recognizing Its Economic, Social and Environmental Benefits

American Rivers and Center for Neighborhood Technology

This broad analysis attempts to place an economic value on the numerous benefits provided by green infrastructure (defined here as a network of decentralized stormwater management practices). The report brings together current research on green infrastructure performance and presents methods for calculating related benefits. It offers simple equations to quantify water, energy, air quality, climate change benefits for green roofs, tree planting, bioretention and infiltration, permeable pavement, and water harvesting. To estimate the dollar value of each of these quantified benefits, examples and, when possible, simple equations are provided. The report also offers information and examples of benefits related to green infrastructure’s impact on the urban heat island effect, aspects of community livability, habitat improvement, and public education.


Stormwater management, Water conservation, Water quality, Flood protection, Energy use, Air quality, Temperature & urban heat island, Carbon sequestration & avoidance, Recreational & social value, Educational value, Property values, Other economic, Bioretention, Green roof, Permeable paving, Rainwater harvesting, Trees

The LPS Benefits Toolkit is a compilation of online calculators and tools that can be used to estimate landscape performance. The Landscape Architecture Foundation (LAF) compiles and writes descriptions of the tools in the Benefits Toolkit. LAF has no involvement in the development, review, or maintenance of the tools. If you have questions or comments on the Toolkit itself, contact us at email hidden; JavaScript is required.

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