Results of a study of 200 schools in South Carolina's Lowcountry showed that students ages 5 to 15 are four times more likely to walk to schools built before 1983 than to those built more recently.
Kouri, Christopher. Wait for the Bus: How Lowcountry School Site Selection and Design Deter Walking to School and Contribute to Urban Sprawl. A Report Prepared for the South Carolina Coastal Conservation League. Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy, Duke University (November 1999). https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED451681.