Return to Fast Fact Library

A cost-benefit analysis based on existing green schoolyards in California compared a green schoolyard prototype with a gray schoolyard prototype. Over a 20-year period, the green schoolyard's cumulative net cost was 381% less than the gray schoolyard. The prototypical green schoolyard would yield at least $600,000 in net benefits related to increased student attendance, increased academic performance, increased staff retention, and savings in building heating and cooling costs (breaking even at 9 years), while the gray schoolyard would yield no benefits over time.

Trust for Public Land and MKThink. (2022). “California Green Schoolyards: A Cost-Benefit Study.”


Operations & maintenance savings, Learning landscapes, Play

The LPS Fast Fact Library is a collection of short summaries of landscape benefits derived from published research. The Landscape Architecture Foundation (LAF) compiles and writes the Fast Facts. LAF has no involvement in the data collection, analysis, review, publication, or funding of the research. If you have questions or comments on the Fast Fact Library itself, contact us at email hidden; JavaScript is required.

Help build the LPS: Find out how to submit a case study and other ways to contribute.