Return to Fast Fact Library

In a study of residents of a Chicago public housing complex, women living in buildings with trees and grass immediately outside reported committing fewer aggressive and violent acts against their partners than those living in barren but otherwise identical buildings.

Kuo, Frances E., and William C. Sullivan. (2001). Aggression and violence in the inner city: Effects of environment via mental fatigue. Environment and Behavior 33(4), 543-471.


Health & well-being, Safety, Trees

The LPS Fast Fact Library is a collection of short summaries of landscape benefits derived from published research. The Landscape Architecture Foundation (LAF) compiles and writes the Fast Facts. LAF has no involvement in the data collection, analysis, review, publication, or funding of the research. If you have questions or comments on the Fast Fact Library itself, contact us at email hidden; JavaScript is required.

Help build the LPS: Find out how to submit a case study and other ways to contribute.